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I get plenty of questions in various comments throughout the website, but I also get comments and questions via the Project Swole Contact Form.
Generally I address those questions through e-mail, but often I do not have the time to reply to each and every question personally.
The category, Your Health Questions is a more proactive approach to answering your questions so that everyone can benefit from the Q & A.
“I am at 168lbs, down from 232. I’m female and 5’6. I work out with a trainer twice a week and do weights and cardio kickboxing and other cardio on off days. I work out 5-6 days per week.
I’ve been trying to get below 160 for months. My trainer says to bump my protein from 80grams to 160. I’m afraid of the extra calories. I try to stick to 1500. Is this correct?”
I am very sorry EKansas, but your trainer is a complete asshat.
Before I get into my response, remember that if you take all my diet advice and increase your exercise intensity, you should actually replace some fat mass with muscle mass (not much, you will NOT get bulky), so you might end up staying at the same bodyweight for a couple weeks.
Taking a bodyfat measurement will be much more beneficial than the scale in observing your last 20 lbs of fat loss. Your personal trainer should at least be able to help with that.
Calculating Maintenance Calories
If you are looking to get down to 140 lbs from 160 lbs then start by adjusting your calories for 140 lbs of bodyweight. First we have to calculate the number of calories your body needs each day to sustain your target bodyweight, also called maintenance calories.
140 lbs * 12 = 1680 calories = daily maintenance calorie intake
There is a much lengthier calculation to get maintenance calories, but a coefficient of 12 is usually pretty accurate.
1680 is the number of calories your body would need each day to maintain 140 lbs of bodyweight.
Calculating Dieting Calories
In order to lose weight you need to be under 1680 calories each day.
First, I would suggest subtracting 200 calories. That puts you in a caloric deficit and will start the fat loss process.
1680 calories – 200 = 1480 calories = daily dieting calorie intake
Considering you are female and probably have a slow metabolism (seeing that you got up to 232 at one point), you can probably knock off the extra 80 calories and use 1400 as your daily dietary calorie intake.
1480 calories – 80 = 1400 calories = final daily dieting calorie intake
On average you want to get about 234 calories at each of your 6 meal/snacks throughout the day. A more realistic distribution would be 3 meals of above 300 calories and 3 snacks of about 160 calories each day.
Calculating Protein Intake
You should be eating .8 grams of protein per pound of target bodyweight.
140 lbs * .8 grams = 112 grams = daily protein intake
Calories from protein = 112 grams * 4 calories per gram = 448 calories from protein
That means you will get 32% of your calories from protein.
On average you want to get about 20 grams of protein per meal/snack at each of your 6 meal/snacks throughout the day.
See also: how much protein to eat
Calculating Carbohydrate Intake
You should remember that most of your carbs should come from complex sources like fruit, vegetables, and whole grains.
You should be eating no more than 70 grams of carbohydrates on days when you don’t workout, and no more than 100 grams of carbohydrates on days when you do workout.
70 grams = daily carbohydrate intake on non-workout days
On non-workout days, the majority of your carbs should come before the afternoon so your body can burn those calories up for energy throughout the day.
Calories from carbs = 70 grams * 4 calories per gram = 280 calories from carbs on non-workout days.
That means you will get about 20% of your calories from carbs on non-workout days.
On average you want to get about 12 grams of complex carbs per meal/snack at each of your 6 meal/snacks throughout the day, although a better balance might be:
- meal 1: 20g
- snack 1: 10g
- meal 2: 20g
- snack 2: 10g
- meal 3: 10g
- snack 3: 0g
100 grams = daily carbohydrate intake on workout days
On workout days, the majority of your carbs should come after the workout so your body can replenish its depleted glycogen stores and start the recovery process.
Calories from carbs = 100 grams * 4 calories per gram = 400 calories from carbs on workout days.
That means you will get about 28.5% of your calories from carbs on non-workout days.
On average you want to get about 16.5 grams of complex carbs per meal/snack at each of your 6 meal/snacks throughout the day, although a better balance might be:
- meal 1: 20g
- snack 1: 10g
- meal 2: 20g
- snack 2: 10g
- post-workout meal 3: 35g
- snack 3: 5g
See also: how much fat to eat
Calculating Fat Intake
You should eat the remainder of your calories from fat, but remember that most of your fats should come from healthy sources like olive oil, fish, eggs, and nuts. Avoid saturated and trans fats.
Part of the problem with the Atkins diet was that people were sitting around eating sausage, bacon, beef, and butter all day long because those foods have no carbs. Well, that strategy is a straight and narrow path towards clogged arteries and heart disease.
On non-workout days you will ingest slightly more fat to make up for 30 grams less of carbs.
1400 total calories – (448 calories from protein + 280 calories from carbs) = 672 calories from fat on non-workout days
672 calories / 9 calories per gram of fat = 74 grams of fat on non-workout days
That means you will get about 48% of your calories from fat on non-workout days.
On average you want to get about 12 grams of fat per meal/snack at each of your 6 meal/snacks throughout the day, on workout days. Choose to eat more fat during meals with fewer carbs and no fat during meals with higher carbs.
Zero grams of fat should be consumed with the high carb post-workout meal.
On workout days you will ingest slightly less fat because you will be eating additional carbs to help with exercise recovery.
1400 total calories – (448 calories from protein + 400 calories from carbs) = 552 calories from fat on non-workout days
552 calories / 9 calories per gram of fat = 61 grams of fat on workout days
That means you will get about 39% of your calories from fat on non-workout days.
On average you want to get about 10 grams of fat per meal/snack at each of your 6 meal/snacks throughout the day, on workout days. Choose to eat more fat during meals with fewer carbs and no fat during meals with higher carbs.
See also: how many carbs to eat
HIIT and HIRT can and should be used in place of boring, less effective endurance cardio.
I need to write an article on HIRT, but the basic theory is this:
- pick 3 exercises that target different muscle groups to create a superset
- create 4 distinct supersets
- for harder compound exercises try to get 5-7 reps
- for easier bodyweight exercises or calisthenics, try to get 20 reps
- no rest between sets in a superset
- no more than 120 seconds rest between supersets
- complete each superset only once before moving onto the next superset
- HIRT sessions should last for 45 minutes, no more, no less
- if you don’t complete all supersets in 45 minutes, stop
- if you complete all supersets before 45 minutes, start over from the beginning
Make sure when you are weight training, that you keep the intensity high and always try to make progress from workout to workout. If your trainer isn’t pushing you to be more than you think you can be, then my suspicions are confirmed that your trainer is lame.
80% of your progress is defined by your diet. Randomly adding 80 grams of protein and 320 calories to your diet, as your ‘trainer’ suggests, is a purely bonehead move. He’s probably trying to fatten you up so you will buy his services for $100 an hour for the next 3 months… or whatever it is person trainers are charging these days. Don’t do it.
You are going to have to figure out exactly which foods you should be eating on your own. Since you lost 64 lbs already, you must have some idea about what to eat.
Always choose fruits, vegetables, legumes, leans meats, seafood, eggs, and low fat dairy products. Avoid red meat and sugar whenever possible.
See also: 10 tips to get shredded