Grip training: it has to be the most ignored type of training in gyms all over the World. Seriously, how often will you see someone working on their grip in the gym? Almost never, right? No one really seems to care. How much you bench press is all that really matters anyways – which is sarcasm, if you didn’t catch the drift.
While grip training does not really have much of an impact on how much you can lift, it still can be important. A lot of people use straps as an excuse not to work on their grip. I mean you can deadlift 600 lbs with straps, so why would you work on grip? Well, if you are ever planning on entering some type of powerlifting competition, then you will not be allowed to use them.
How to Develop a Strong Grip
The only way to make sure you get a more effective grip is to just work on your forearms with grip training. This can be done with any type of forearm exercises really. When you are doing deadlifts, you should try to never progress without straps.
It may be a pain in the ass not being able to bust past a plateau because your grip keeps giving out, but that is why you have to keep working on it! Don’t be that guy who can deadlift 500 lbs with straps but can only deadlift 3 plates without them.
Anatomy of the Forearms (Grip)
The forearm comprises around 20 different muscles, but it contains two main ones: the flexors and the extensors. The flexors are on the side of the palm of the hand and the extensors are on the opposite side.
Function of the Forearms (Grip)
The flexors and the extensors both regulate the movement of the wrist, fingers, thumb, and they can also control which way the hand faces. It pretty much controls the whole hand more or less.
The Top 5 Best Grip Exercises
Combined with the top 5 best forearm exercises, you have all the tools you need to develop crushing grip strength and huge forearms. I tried to avoid duplication as much as possible by focusing strictly on grip training in this article, and strictly mass-gaining forearm exercises in the forearm article.
As mentioned above, the deadlift is an amazing exercise. Forearms are just another muscle that are hit hard by heavy deads. If you decide to use straps, then you will not get the maximum benefit, but if you can use just chalk then you will be well on your way to having strong and massive forearms.
The lift: to start a deadlift, use your whole body to begin to lift the bar off the floor. Arms should be straight, hands shoulder width apart, knees should be bent. The object is to lift the weight with your legs, glutes, and hips, rather than with your lower back. In fact your lower back should not bend that much, should in fact be pretty straight, and should definitely NOT be rounded. You accomplish this by keeping your head up and by driving with your hips.
As you push with your legs, remember to drive your feet down through the floor. It is of utmost importance to keep the bar close to your body during the lift.
At the top you should stand up straight, but do not over extend your lower back as if you were doing some kind of hyper-extension. The driving force at the top should be more of a hip thrust than a lower back spasm. Lower the bar under control, keeping it close to your body.
Deadlift grip: some people use a conventional grip with pronated hands – your palms face towards your body when you grab the bar. Most lifters find they are much stronger with an alternating grip – on hand pronated, one hand supinated. It is awkward the first couple times, but most athletes tend to prefer the alternating grip.
Alternate your alternating grip! With each set you should switch the position of each hand. Some people tend to save their strongest grip for their heaviest set. This is perfectly OK.
Layne Norton is using a bit of a different bar in this video, but it is the same concept.
A great exercise for finger and grip strength.
The lift: You will need 4 plates to start with – 2 for each hand. Start with 5 lbs plates if you are small, weak, or female, otherwise start with 10s. Pinch two plates together with each hand. Your thumb should be on the bottom and your other fingers on top. If possible it is best to pinch with the flat sides out so you won’t get distracted by ribbing, knurling, writing, or embossing. Don’t you dare use the hole in the middle of the plate either. Cheater!
You can use a stopwatch to see how long you can pinch without your grip giving out. To gauge progress, your goal is to pinch more weight for longer periods of time. You can also get an idea of which hand is strongest and use an extra set here or there to try to even out the imbalance.
You could also attempt a 3 plate pinch, or if you feel really strong, try pinching some 25s or even 45s. Hey, the strongmen do it!
Towel Pull ups
The lift: You will start by wrapping a towel around the top part of the pull up bar. After you do that, you will grab each side of the towel, and do the normal pull up version by using your lats to pull your body up toward the top of the bar. After you reach the top, slowly lower yourself back to the starting position. Not only will this improve your grip, but it will also give you huge lats.
The lift:You will need a squat rack for this exercise. Start by moving the safety bars down to a place where the bar will rest at about knee height. Once you get the safety bars at about knee height, then you will place the bar on the safety rack. You will perform this exercise the same way you did the deadlift.
Once the bar is in position, put your feet at about shoulder’s width apart. You will then grip the bar a little wider than shoulder’s width. Now that you are in position, pull the bar up from the bar and then lower it back down to the safety bars.
Static Holds with or without Shrug
I prefer to do something useful when I’m holding a weight, so while I’m standing there I make sure to shrug as many times as I can to get that extra trap work in. Once you can’t shrug any longer you can still stand there with the weight and hold on as long as possible. Or perhaps your grip will give out before you can finish shrugging.
The lift:You will start this exercise by lying a standard 45 lb barbell inside the squat rack on the safety bars where you can safely pick it up without it touching the safety bar. After you pick the bar up, you will hold it as long as possible without straps and with a double overhand grip. You should try to have someone time you on a stopwatch. Each workout, you should try to continue adding on weight on the bar and hold it for a longer time each time. This will show progression.
Any other implement besides a barbell would also be fine, and some would say better. Consider dumbbells, anvils, or anything else that’s heavy.
Additional Grip Training Strategies
Aside from incorporating the top 5 best forearm exercises into workout routine, you can improve your forearm training simply by using these additional techniques on other exercises.
- Resist Using Wrist Straps
Wrist-straps will take the stress off the forearms and short-change the trainer in this area. In order to fully stimulate the forearms, they require maximal squeezing.
Straps compensate for a weak grip and it follows that they will negate any form of forearm stimulation, as they prevent optimal squeezing. Those with the strongest grips tend to have the biggest forearms.
- Use A Thick Bar
This will increase the difficulty associated with gripping the bar and will contribute to significant increases in forearm size. If you don’t have a thick bar, wrap a towel or a piece of rubber around the bar to make it thicker.
- Use a Rope
When doing any kind of pulling exercise such as rows or pull ups, use a rope instead of a bar. You will have to squeeze hard towards the end of each set just to hold on to the weight. This might impact the other muscle group you are training (predominantly back when rowing or pulling), but will hit your forearms and grip hard.
- Grab Sand
Sand grabbing is a great grip strength exercise. Simply fill a bucket full of sand, reach in, grab a handful, let it go, grab another handful, flex your fingers, grab another handful, pull it out, drop it, reach in again, etc… Basically work your hands and fingers all around in the sand until your hands are completely fatigued.
- Practice with Grippers
I almost didn’t want to mention grippers because 99.9% of grippers suck. You will need to get the Captains of Crush grippers from Ironmind. Start with level 1 unless you are positive that you already have a world class grip. Work your way up to level 4 and you’ll be famous.